The “ng” and “na” Linkers in Tagalog

Filipinos often use either ng or na to connect two words, usually ang adjective and a noun.

If the word that appears before the linker ends with a vowel they use ng, if it ends with a consonant they use na like in the following two examples:

Masamang kalagayan (bad situation)

Mahirap na kalagayan (difficult situation)

So, in the first example, because masama ends with a vowel I used ng, while after mahirap that ends in a consonant, I used na.

The same applies when you are linking two numbers like:

Limang daan

Apat na raan

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