Adverbs (Pang-abay) in Tagalog

An adverb (pang-abay) is a word that modifies a verb (pandiwa).

Adverbs tell the listener

  • How (paano) the action described by the verb is done: these are known as adverbs of manner (pamaraan)
  • When (kailan) the action takes place: these are known as adverbs of time (kapanahunan)
  • Where (saan) it takes place: adverbs of place (lugar)

Adverbs of manner

In Tagalog they are usually formed by placing nang before ma+root word

Example:

I run fast: tumatakbo ako nang mabilis

Adverbs of time

The most common Tagalog words that are used to talk about when a certain action takes place are:

Kanina earlier

Mamaya later

Ngayon now or today

Kahapon yesterday

Bukas tomorrow

Example:

Bukas pupunta ako sa dagat=tomorrow I’ll go to the beach

Adverbs of place

Are used to talk about the place where the action occurs. They are usually formed by putting sa before the place.

Example

Nag-aaral ako sa bahay=I am studying at home

Pupunta ako sa beach=I am going to the beach

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